Can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage?

If you’re just starting your pregnancy, you may have found a wealth of information about sex before pregnancy (to conceive) and sex after birth, but almost no one talks about the topic of ” can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage? “¬†You can be sure that during this stage, there will be changes in your sex life.

Can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage

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Sexual desire during the first trimester of pregnancy

The hormonal revolution that the female body undergoes and the changes that a woman’s body begins to experience usually have an impact on her sexual desire during the first trimester of pregnancy.


In some women, the rapid increase in pregnancy hormones translates into a noticeable increase in sexual appetite; in this case, if there are no specific medical reasons to the contrary, there is no problem in satisfying this desire. Intimate relationships are sometimes a key factor in strengthening the union of the couple in a period generally marked by mixed feelings of excitement or doubts and fears.


But it is also the case that, in other couples, the appearance of discomforts so typical of this period such as tiredness, nausea, and vomiting that she may experience, may diminish the desire of either of them.


Breast tenderness, which can make a partner’s touching unpleasant (or, conversely, can increase the desire for sex), new lifestyle habits such as lowering alcohol or tobacco consumption, healthier eating, or different physical exercises can influence body image or self-esteem and affect a woman’s sexual appetite and ability to enjoy the sexual activity at this stage.


On the other hand, in both women and men, there is a fear that sexual relations will be harmful to the course of the recent pregnancy – they are hesitant to “hurt” the baby – and, although this is an unjustified fear, it can also negatively affect sexual desire.


There is, therefore, no fixed rule, and while for some couples, the news that they are expecting a child is a powerful aphrodisiac, for others, on the contrary, it causes a transitory distancing on the sexual plane.


Can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage?

Can you have sex during pregnancy? Till which month sex is safe in pregnancy? The couple can have sex freely during the first three months of pregnancy, unless there is a contraindication from the gynecologist.

Sexual relations during pregnancy should not be abandoned. There is no need to fear to harm the baby: parents can have sex during pregnancy in any position without putting the baby or the mother at risk. The cervix remains completely closed throughout the pregnancy and does not allow anything from the vagina to reach the child. You must also take into account that amniotic fluid serves as a buffer. Moreover, during penetration, the male sex organ cannot reach the cervix, which remains tightly closed. All this is true, as long as it is not a “risky” pregnancy, of course.


On the other hand, during sexual intercourse, the fetus receives some physical benefits: its heartbeat decreases and then increases immediately, and its movements become slower, and it kicks again immediately after the mother’s orgasm. However, it is important to avoid all violent movements and not to press excessively on the woman’s breast. The belly is still flat and does not have to limit sexual intercourse. Having sex during pregnancy also leads to an increased blood supply to the woman’s pelvic muscles, which allows for an increase in the amount of oxygen to the placenta and, therefore, a greater sense of well-being.


Sex during pregnancy: changes in the woman in the first trimester

During the first trimester of pregnancy, intense work begins to adapt to the future role of mother. A child arouses conflicting emotions. Sometimes, the idea of having a child fills a woman so much that during pregnancy, she no longer feels the desire for sex.

Can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage

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However, during pregnancy, the skin is more shiny and transparent, the hair is thicker and shinier, and the chest and hips are rounded. The transformations undergone by her body beautify the woman and make her feel more desired during the first trimester of pregnancy.


This is due to the work done by the pregnancy hormones, especially estrogen and progesterone. These substances also make women nauseous, vomit, and tired during the first few weeks – conditions that do not encourage sex.


Also, during pregnancy, the flow of blood to the genitals increases, which makes a woman very willing to have sex. In addition, the breast is stimulated by hormones, and it becomes tighter and more sensitive to touch.


Are sexual relations safe during first trimester of pregnancy?

If you are carrying a “normal” pregnancy, you can have sex at any stage of this pregnancy. A pregnancy is considered “normal” when the chance of complications is very low.

can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage?

Many parents are concerned that they don’t know whether sex during pregnancy will harm the baby or cause an miscarriage. They have a question in their mind that can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage?

some even think the baby “knows” what is happening during sex. The couple is concerned because they think it may somehow upset or cause pain to the pregnant woman.

The most common questions are:

  • Will, the pressure in the womb, hurt it?
  • Is there any risk of infection?
  • Can orgasm cause abortion or premature birth?
  • Are there sexual positions that are safer for the baby?

All of these concerns are very common and can affect a couple’s sexual desire, but they are unfounded. Unless your doctor says otherwise, sex during pregnancy is safe for both you and your baby.


A high-risk pregnant woman will be asked by her doctor to avoid sex throughout her pregnancy or for a while.

Sexual desire in the first trimester

Sexual desire in the couple: One factor that favors sexuality is the freedom that the couple feels when a pregnancy has been achieved, now the relationships will be spontaneous by the pleasure of having them and not by the pressure to seek conception.


Sexual desire in women: Varies from month to month and quarter to quarter: For some women, not having to worry about contraception, pre-menstrual tension, or menstruation, and this added to the increased blood flow in the pelvic region, makes them feel more excited. But, as we mentioned earlier, others are not interested in sex during this period, and this contributes to it:


  1. The sudden variations in mood caused by the sudden rise in pregnancy hormones.
  2. The sensitivity of the breast and the self-awareness of the change in your figure can increase pain or pleasure.
  3. Orgasms may be delayed and sometimes more intense, causing a feeling of tension in the vagina and clitoris.

You don’t stop believing that you are pregnant, and you are afraid that at any moment, your period will come. You don’t feel bad, but you don’t feel good either, and that’s why sexuality takes a back seat. But even if you don’t want to have sex, you do need, and a lot, the caresses and tenderness of your partner. Because through them, he receives a fundamental message: “I love you, and I am by your side.”

Men’s sexual desire: Men can also have changes in their sexual desire, which can be diminished or increased.

He may be attracted to trying new positions and may find that the growth of his partner’s breasts and body attracts him more than ever.

Or, you may feel very anxious because of the fear of hurting the baby, if intercourse is uncomfortable and hurts your partner, or you may simply be nervous about becoming a father.

The Importance of Communication in a Couple during pregnancy

Good communication between the couple is vital for a satisfactory sexual relationship during pregnancy. This moment of closeness can make sex a real pleasure for both of you. It is a time of emotional and physical communication that prepares the muscles of the pelvis for birth. It is not a question of how much sex you want, but the quality of it.

Can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage

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The mutual pleasure, carried in a parallel way, is what should guide the couple; if there is something that physically or emotionally does not please the woman, she should tell her partner and change it: which positions are pleasant or not for both, in which parts of the body the woman wants to be caressed, all the fears, doubts, should be discussed.


Variations in sexual desire do not mean that a woman should submit to having sex when she does not want it. You should explain to your partner how you feel and what you can do to help your sexuality and intimacy. It is necessary that there is dialogue during this period that the woman is able to verbalize what she feels, for example, “I need you to show me your love and tenderness without necessarily having sex.” But if there is no dialogue, the man avoids touching his wife so that she does not think he is soliciting her sexually, and if he leaves all the initiative to her, it is possible that she will feel abandoned and unloved.


It’s important to know while having sex during pregnancy:

The baby doesn’t get hurt during sex. The baby is protected by the sac of amniotic fluid that surrounds it in the uterus and by the walls of the mother’s abdomen. A mucus plug seals the cervix and protects the baby from infection. The penis does NOT come into contact with the baby. However, if you have any questions, ask your doctor.

On the other hand, during sexual intercourse, the fetus receives some physical benefits: its heartbeat decreases and then increases immediately, and its movements become slower, and it kicks again animatedly immediately after the mother’s orgasm.

However, all violent movements should be avoided, and the woman’s breasts should not be pressed excessively. The belly still remains flat and does not limit sexual intercourse.

After intercourse and orgasm, very mild cramping may occur. This is due to prostaglandins (the hormones that induce labor) in the semen and to the contractions of the pelvic muscles during orgasm. These cramps should be mild and go away. If they persist and are more intense, you should tell your doctor.

As long as the pregnancy runs its normal course, you can have sex as often as you want.

During orgasm, the uterus will contract more than usual, but these types of contractions have nothing to do with the contractions needed for delivery.

During the first trimester, it is possible to continue with the positions that were fine before pregnancy. It will be in the second and third trimesters that they will have to vary them.

When should sex be avoided during pregnancy?

Sexual relations can be problematic when:

  • There’s a history of first-trimester abortion or threatened abortion.
  • There is a history of premature birth or pre-term labor.
  • There is unexplained vaginal bleeding. (Is spotting and vaginal bleeding normal during early pregnancy?)
  • There is an untreated sexually transmitted disease (she or he). Even if a woman does not have an STD, she should not risk infecting her partner because she may not be able to get safe treatment, knowing that many antibiotics cannot be used during pregnancy.
  • The cervix is incompetent (a condition in which the cervix is weakened and dilates prematurely, increasing the risk of miscarriage or premature birth).
  • Multiple pregnancies (more than one baby)
  • Amniotic fluid is leaking, or membranes have ruptured.

If you have any problem form above,you should call to your doctor, and don’t forget to tell him or her about any symptoms you noticed when you finished having sex. Report any contractions, pain, bleeding, or discharge that continues after some time of having sex.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What sexual behavior is unsafe sex?

There are two kind of sexual behavior that can be dangerous during pregnancy:

  1. If you decide to have oral sex, it is important that your partner does not blow air into your vagina. This could cause an embolism (a blockage of a blood vessel caused by an air bubble), which can be serious for both you and your baby.
  2. Anal sex, in addition to being uncomfortable for the pregnant woman who may have symptoms of hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy, can cause infections that are transmitted through the vagina.

Can orgasm cause an abortion?

In the case of a normal or low-risk pregnancy, the answer is NO. The contractions you may feel right after orgasm are completely different from those associated with labor. Some doctors suggest stopping sex in the last weeks of pregnancy only as a precaution because semen contains a chemical that can stimulate uterine contractions.

Sex during Pregnancy – Dad’s First Trimester Fears

The father-to-be may feel intimidated by having to face the new life taking shape in his partner’s womb and lose interest in sex.

In order to avoid unpleasant situations, the easiest thing to do is to talk openly with your partner, to try to find out what reasons have led to the loss of desire. In this way, fears can be discovered, and resistance dissipated.


How do I know if I’m having a miscarriage?

The most common signs of miscarriage are bleeding and cramping. Call your doctor if you think you are having a miscarriage.

What Are the Signs of Miscarriage?

Sometimes there are no signs of miscarriage at all, and you don’t know until you have an ultrasound or no longer feel the pregnancy. But usually, there are signs and symptoms. For example, there are


  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Severe colic

Other problems that are less serious than a miscarriage can also cause these symptoms, but if you think you may be having a miscarriage, see your doctor right away to be sure.


What Happens During Miscarriage?

Miscarriage is different for every woman, but there are some common symptoms.


Not all miscarriages are painful, but most people have cramping. The cramps are really bad for some people and milder for others (like from a menstrual period or less). It is also common to have vaginal bleeding and to pass blood clots up to the size of a lemon. Heavy bleeding from a miscarriage can cause fear or surprise, but it is usually normal.


Bleeding and cramping may go away quickly, or it may last several hours. Your doctor can give you medicine and advice on how to manage pain and cramping during a miscarriage.


No matter how quickly it goes away or whether it’s painful or not, miscarriage can be distressing. Keep in touch with your doctor about what is happening and how you are feeling. Your doctor can tell you what is normal and what is not, and give you resources for emotional support if you need it.


What Can I Expect to Feel After Having a Miscarriage?

There is no one way to feel that is the same for everyone after having a miscarriage. You may have a mix of emotions, including disappointment, despair, shock, guilt, grief, and relief – sometimes all at once. All of these feelings are really normal and usually go away over time.


Take care of yourself physically and emotionally, and grant yourself permission to grieve your loss if you need to. Grief and sadness are very normal responses to miscarriage. Try to surround yourself with supportive, loving people who will let you express your grief and provide comfort. If you have a partner, he or she may also grieve the loss and deal with a variety of emotions. Talking about your feelings and supporting each other can help you both cope.


The time needed to heal emotionally after a miscarriage is different for everyone. Take as much time as you need for your grieving process. Most people feel better when they can talk with someone who understands. Even if you feel like there is no one in your life, you can lean on, know that you are not alone. Your nurse or doctor can talk to you or help you find a counselor or support group in your area. There are also many online support groups where you can connect with others who are going through the same thing as you. All-Options have a free telephone line that offers a private space to talk about your feelings after a loss.


If you want to get pregnant again, your doctor or local Planned Parenthood health center can give you advice on how to plan and help you figure out when is the best time to try again. They can also give you advice about can sex during first trimester cause miscarriage?, pregnancy prevention and help you get birth control if you don’t want to get pregnant again right away.

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